By Sébastien Caquard, Laurene Vaughan, William Cartwright
This publication enhances the transforming into physique of literature exploring the relationships among arts and cartography . it truly is certain from the former ones through its major concentration: The a number of methods of representing a database. within the context of the exponential raise of the amount of geospatial information to be had, addressing this factor turns into severe and has now not but bought a lot cognizance. moreover, the content material of the database – environmental matters within the urban – provides a powerful social and political texture to the venture. the anticipated viewers for this e-book are educational in addition to scholars attracted to the relationships among artwork and cartography, position and expertise, strength and representations. This e-book may possibly function an notion for neighborhood teams and groups facing environmental injustice worldwide. ultimately, at an area scale, this publication may turn into an immense reference for people, groups and associations attracted to environmental matters within the urban of Montreal.
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Additional resources for Mapping Environmental Issues in the City: Arts and Cartography Cross Perspectives
2). These accuracy rates are close to those obtained by previous authors. Damm et al. (2005) obtained 64% and 84% for their class of “tree-shrub” and “herbaceous plants”; Mathieu et al. (2007) also obtained 63% and 70% for the class “tree” and 66% and 90% for the class “grass”. In most of the cases in Montreal, the grass surface is well maintained and hence appears on the QuickBird images with a fine texture that is easily identifiable. 33%) which occur where grass and bare soil are interspersed or where grass is masked by the shade of trees and buildings.
2007; Delm and Gulinck 2009). However, LiDAR data are costly and not always available (such is the case of our study area). In the light of this literature review, we attempt to isolate three classes of vegetation from very-high-resolution images –trees, shrubs and grass–, which will be combined with land-use information to map the greenscape in Montreal. Mapping the Greenscape and Environmental Equity in Montreal... 2 Environmental Equity Related to the Vegetation Cover There is increasing evidence that poor neighborhoods characterized by low incomes and the presence of racial or ethnic minorities have less vegetation than wealthier neighborhoods.
The DA Mapping the Greenscape and Environmental Equity in Montreal... Boroughs Total vege- Tree/shrub Grass in the Total Veg. Total Veg. Total Veg. in tation in the in DA (%) in streets in alleys by yards by DA the DA DA (%) (%) by DA (%) DA (%) (%) 8. 1 for borough names. 5 Vegetation, tree/shrub and grass cover (by dissemination area). 42 Thi-Thanh-Hiên Pham, Philippe Apparicio, Anne-Marie Séguin, and Martin Gagnon Ahuntsic-Cartierville, Rivière-des-Prairies─Pointe-aux-Trembles and Côte-desNeiges─Notre-Dame-de-Grâce are the greenest boroughs as more than one third of their territory is covered by vegetation.