Download Forest Context and Policies in Portugal: Present and Future by Fernando Reboredo PDF

By Fernando Reboredo

This e-book presents an up to date research of the Portuguese forests and forestry zone, together with its heritage, its overall fiscal price, present threats and possibilities and destiny demanding situations, specifically the necessity to include extra making plans and expertise in woodland administration practices. The methodological procedure of analysing the forestry region when it comes to its overall monetary worth, and using this new standpoint to properly understand the woodland region and to base improvement thoughts is exclusive. additionally, using new tools and applied sciences within the Portuguese forestry region might be a chance to proportion those studies with a much wider overseas viewers. for instance, fireplace prevalence through the summer time has nearly no parallel within the Western international, implying that Portuguese wooded area landscapes functionality as a “natural lab of wildfires” from which a lot might be realized globally. hence, the results of the hearth administration guidelines followed may characterize very important classes for Mediterranean basin countries.

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Extra info for Forest Context and Policies in Portugal: Present and Future Challenges

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This increase was done throughout the reconversion of uncultivated areas to arable lands (Lains 1995). 0 1875 Pereira et al. 2 million inhabitants. 4). 1 Fisheries and Proximity Trade In the treaty of 1353 Edward III of England granted the Portuguese the right to catch fish in the coast of England for 50 years. Despite its long coast, the fishery in the Middle Age in Portugal was a minor industry compared with agriculture (Marques 1987). A possible reason is based on the high fish tithes received by the monarchy and the use of fishing vessels in overseas trade, a trend that began in the early expansion period.

This rapid expansion indicates that a large volume of wood was used in the form of railway sleepers. pdf). aspx). When calculating the volumes of wood needed, and taking into account the standard measures Reboredo and Pais (2012) concluded that each Km needed 158 m3 of wood in a wide track, or 88 m3 if the railroad is a narrow one. As 2,974 km of railway were installed between 1877 and 1912, a minimum of 261,712 m3 of wood were needed for a fully narrow track, while for a fully wide track a maximum of 469,892 m3.

Despite the increasing demand for cod fish in the mainland in the first decades of the XVII century, sailors and appropriate ships were insufficient to satisfy the strong demand (Moreira 2008). In 1566 and 1567 five vessels registered in Viana went to Terra Nova where they caught 163,012 cod fishes. Generally, one third of the catch was exported to the North of Spain, especially Bilbao and S. Sebastian, in exchange for iron, wood and pitch (Moreira op. ). Although the main harbors in the mainland were Lisbon (South) and Porto (North), Lisbon being one of the largest ports in Europe during the maritime expansion, other small harbors maintained a vigorous proximity trade playing a decisive role in regions far from the political decision centers.

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