By Roger E. Backhouse
Roger Backhouse is a key determine within the box of financial technique. Explorations in financial method either clarifies and responds to the problems raised via the literature and argues that technique is a vital task. delivering a confident, yet severe, reaction to the new literature, this assortment presents vital new insights for college students and researchers in fiscal method and the philosophy of technology.
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Extra info for Explorations in Economic Methodology: From Lakatos to Empirical Philosophy of Science
This is important Lakatos and Zahar (1976, p. 185); cf. Zahar (1973). They argue that it was only this category of novel facts that, for many years, provided any corroborating evidence in favour of Copernicus’s research programme vis à vis Ptolomy’s. 19 26 Rethinking Lakatos because there is such a large overlap between the two programmes. 20 The main distinguishing feature of Chicago economics is what Reder has termed ‘Tight Prior Equilibrium’ theory, based on the hypothesis of Pareto-optimality; namely that decision makers so allocate the resources under their control that there is no alternative allocation such that any one decision maker could have his expected utility increased without a reduction occurring in the expected utility of at least one other decision maker.
Brunner and A. Meltzer (eds) Stabilization of the Domestic and International Economy. CarnegieRochester Series in Public Policy, pp. 160–8. Champernowne, D. G. (1936) ‘Unemployment, basic and monetary: the classical analysis and the Keynesian’, Review of Economic Studies 3, pp. 201–16. Clower, Robert W. (1965) ‘The Keynesian counter–revolution: a theoretical appraisal’, in F. H. Hahn and F. Brechling (eds) The Theory of Interest Rates. London: Macmillan. Dixit, A. K. (1978) ‘The balance of trade in a model of temporary equilibrium with rationing’, Review of Economic Studies 45, pp.
Secondly, in the literature on economic methodology we are concerned with a particular, albeit somewhat extended, scientific community. It is thus reasonable to assume that shared knowledge and beliefs are sufficiently great to make communication within this community possible. Though he has been accused of this, Caldwell’s ‘critical pluralism’ is not the same as eclecticism, but if it is (wrongly) presented as an alternative to Lakatos’s MSRP, its implications sound very similar.