By Ilana Mushin
This booklet explores the discourse pragmatics of reportive evidentiality in Macedonian, eastern and English via an empirical research of evidential concepts in narrative retelling. The styles of evidential use (and non-use) present in those languages are attributed to contextual, cultural and grammatical elements that encourage the adoption of an epistemological stance — an idea that owes a lot to fresh tendencies in Cognitive Linguistics. The styles of evidential ideas present in the 3 languages supply an excellent representation of the balancing act among audio system expressions in their personal subjectivity, their motivations to inform a coherent and intriguing tale, and their motivations to be devoted retellers of somebody elses tale. those pressures are extra complex by way of the grammatical and pragmatic conventions which are specific to every language.
Evidentiality and Epistemological Stance: Narrative Retelling will entice these attracted to evidentiality, grammar and pragmatics, cross-linguistics discourse research, linguistic subjectivity and narrative.
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Additional info for Evidentiality and Epistemological Stance: Narrative Retelling
The epistemic modal aspect of evidential meaning does not however detract from the usefulness of evidentiality to enable the speaker to maintain and shift the point of origin from which the propositional information modiﬁed by the evidential marker. For example, the Quechua reportive evidential clitic -shi in (1) (repeated below) enables the hearer of this utterance to index the propositional information he will go to Huancayo tomorrow to an origo that is someone other than the current speaker (the origin of the hearsay), in addition to its meaning as a marker of information acquired by someone else’s linguistic input.
The result is a characterisation of evidential semantics that is independent of any grammatical realisation. Chafe’s characterises evidentiality as expressions of “attitudes towards knowledge” (p. 262). Like Palmer, Chafe’s characterisation assumes the belief state of the speaker resulting from the assessment of knowledge (= ‘speaker commitment’) as the primary motivating force behind the semantics and pragmatics of evidentiality. However his classiﬁcation of evidential categories is signiﬁcantly diﬀerent from Palmer’s subdivision of evidentials and judgments.
Rain clouds). The construction is therefore ‘evidential’, under a ‘source of knowledge’ based interpretation. In (9) however, it is diﬃcult to infer what kind of visual evidence was involved in concluding that the speaker will have to rewrite a chapter. My ﬁrst interpretation of the evidence behind (9) is that the speaker was told (by her adviser or editor) that she would have to write the chapter over, but it may also be the speaker’s own assessment of her work. Both (8) and (9) involves situations where it can be assumed that the speaker has deduced the proposition from some kind of evidence.