Download Basic Epidemiological Methods and Biostatistics: A Practical by Randy M. Page, Galen E. Cole, Thomas C. Timmreck PDF

By Randy M. Page, Galen E. Cole, Thomas C. Timmreck

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Additional info for Basic Epidemiological Methods and Biostatistics: A Practical Guidebook (Jones and Bartlett Series in Health Science and Physical Education)

Example text

In a London epidemic in 1849, Snow had noted that districts with the highest mortalities had water supplied by two companies: the Lambeth Company and the Southwark and Vauxhall Company. At that time, both companies obtained water from the Thames River at intake points that were below London. In 1852, the Lambeth Company moved their water works to above London, thus obtaining water that was free of London sewage. When cholera returned to London in 1853, Snow realized the Lambeth Company's relocation of its intake point would allow him to compare districts that were supplied with water from above London with districts that received water from below London.

Epidemiology uses biostatistical tools and methods to quantify the distribution and determinants of health events in groups of people rather than individuals. Page 2 Epidemiologic tools or methods are used to describe many types of health events. Originally, epidemiology was concerned with epidemics of communicable diseases. More recently, epidemiologic methods have been applied to chronic diseases (Brownson, Remington, and Davis, 1993), injuries, violence, birth defects, maternal-child health, occupational health, and environmental health (Green, 1990).

We Page xii include several examples of current epidemiologic studies to give you a fresh sense of how epidemiologic methods are used in addressing current health problems. We have enhanced this text by including material from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Principles of Epidemiology: An Introduction to Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Self-Study Course Manual. The chapters on organizing epidemiologic data and investigating an outbreak are from this manual. We have also used some material from this manual in our discussion of basic epidemiologic concepts, historical overview, and rates.

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