By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Assessment of National Institute of Standards and Technology Programs
The nationwide Institute of criteria and know-how (NIST) Measurements and criteria Laboratories (MSL) offer technical management for the nation's dimension and criteria infrastructure and guarantee the provision of crucial reference info and dimension functions. At NIST's request, the nationwide examine Council (NRC) includes out a biennial evaluate of the seven MSL. The evaluation makes a speciality of each one laboratory's technical caliber and benefit; and effectiveness. It additionally examines the relevance of the NIST courses and the way good laboratory amenities, apparatus, and team of workers may be able to fulfil the MSL venture. This file offers an total overview of the MSL by means of precise tests of every of the seven laboratories.
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Extra resources for An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Measurement and Standards Laboratories: Fiscal Year 2002
Economy and the power industry is so dependent on accurate measurement of power flow and voltages in its systems that there is no question about the necessity of this program. The Electricity Division is meeting industry needs and maintaining its standing in international standards. Very relevant work is being carried out in many areas. Two areas of major importance are the measurement of efficiency in power distribution transformers and methods to sample and characterize harmonic power. Both are important to the electric power industry, but NIST may be underestimating the importance and relevance of the latter activities to the consumer appliance and electronics industry.
Competence funding also comes from NIST’s congressional appropriations but is allocated by the NIST director’s office in multiyear grants for projects that advance NIST’s capabilities in new and emerging areas of measurement science. Advanced Technology Program (ATP) funding reflects support from NIST’s ATP for work done at the NIST laboratories in collaboration with or in support of ATP projects. ” NIST laboratories also receive funding through grants or contracts from other [government] agencies (OA), from nonfederal government (NFG) agencies, and from industry in the form of cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs).
To keep the current workload under control, opportunities have been sought to delegate work to other organizations where appropriate and possible. The division should be commended as it continues to look for creative ways to manage its workload. For some time the Voltage Metrology project has been plagued by the lack of reliable and clean electric power, which is essential for the services it provides. A single, reliable, backup power generator has been installed to solve this problem. The Metrology for Electric Power Systems Program has little margin to absorb any unexpected reduction in staffing, full- or part-time, without some impact on its performance.