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By Gary Goertz

Some within the social sciences argue that a similar common sense applies to either qualitative and quantitative equipment. In A story of 2 Cultures, Gary Goertz and James Mahoney show that those paradigms represent diverse cultures, each one internally coherent but marked through contrasting norms, practices, and toolkits. They determine and talk about significant ameliorations among those traditions that contact approximately each point of social technological know-how examine, together with layout, ambitions, causal results and versions, ideas and dimension, information research, and case choice. even supposing keen on the variations among qualitative and quantitative learn, Goertz and Mahoney additionally search to advertise toleration, trade, and studying by means of allowing students to imagine past their very own tradition and notice another clinical worldview. This publication is written in an simply obtainable sort and contours a number of real-world examples to demonstrate methodological points.

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Chapter 2 32 Fit and Consistency To assess the fit of a theory or model, the basic requirement is that the theory or model make a clear prediction about the data (the prediction itself can assume many different forms). If the prediction is clear, one can ask: how consistent are the data with the model? With a statistical model, data that are highly consistent lie near or on the line described by the model (assuming a parametric model). In their first statistics course, students normally learn how to eyeball bivariate scatterplots and see if there is any line or curve that fits the data.

For example, the slope of the line is one indication of a variable's impor­ tance: steeper slopes generally mean more important variables. Rigorous criteria can also be developed for measuring the relative importance of necessary conditions and sufficient conditions. In fact, Downs's argument offers a useful point of departure. He implies that certain necessary condi­ tions are trivial because they are always present. This observation suggests that the relative frequency of necessary conditions might be related to their importance.

By contrast, the set of cases with an authoritarian regime is not nearly 8 Interestingly, while these concerns are commonly made for necessary conditions, scholars do not raise them very often or at least explicitly for sufficient conditions. 3. Trivial necessary conditions: a set-theoretic example the full population. As a result, the extent to which the set of Y "covers" the set of X is much greater. , the ones that are rarer or abnormal within the relevant population) are the more important ones.

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