By Titu Andreescu

This e-book is meant to assist scholars getting ready for all rounds of Mathematical Olympiads or the other major arithmetic contest.

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Extra info for 360 Problems for Mathematical Contests

Sample text

Example You start your S corporation in May 2008. It uses a calendar year to report expenses. The corporation will have a short tax year ending December 31, 2008, for its first tax year. Then, for 2009, it will have a full 12-month tax year. A short tax year may occur in the first or final year of business. For example, if you closed the doors to your business on May 1, 2008, even though you operated on a calendar year. Your final tax year is a short year because it is only four months. You do not have to apportion or prorate deductions for this short year because the business was not in existence for the entire year.

2) Form 4136 . . 32c ( ) d Bal . 29b . . 32d 32e 32f 32g 33 36 Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined this return, including accompanying schedules and statements, and to the best of my knowledge and belief, it is true, correct, and complete. Declaration of preparer (other than taxpayer) is based on all information of which preparer has any knowledge. May the IRS discuss this return with the preparer shown below (see instructions)? No Yes Signature of officer Paid Preparer’s Use Only 29a .

For the Future Of the overall limit on itemized deductions for high-income taxpayers that can affect the actual business write-offs for employees, two-thirds applied in 2007, one-third applies in 2008 and 2009; there is no reduction starting in 2010. If you fall into a special category of employees called statutory employees, you can deduct your business expenses on Schedule C instead of Schedule A. Statutory employees were discussed earlier in this chapter. 23 P1: PIC/XYZ P2: ABC c01 JWBT017-Weltman 24 October 5, 2008 9:36 Printer Name: Yet to Come ORGANIZATION Factors in Choosing Your Form of Business Organization Throughout this chapter, the differences of how income and deductions are reported have been explained, but these differences are not the only reasons for choosing a form of business organization.